|April 2017 Highlights in Tanah Lot|
April 2rd, Panyekeban Galungan, When the day of penyekeban has arrived, the fruits that will be used for the Galungan offerings are stored in a special place so that it will be ripe in time for Galungan Day. Penyekeban is derived from the Balinese word nyekeb which means '(to) ripen fruit'. Besides its literal meaning of ripening fruit, Penyekeban also has a (more important) symbolic meaning in respect with the bhuana alit (the inner world of the individual human being). In spiritual sense the individual, just like the fruits, has to ripen in order to be in a position to siege over adharma, the selfish urges, desires, and actions of the ego. Penyekeban is also the day that the first of the Sang Kala Tiga, Sang Bhuta Galungan, descends to earth to tempt mankind to adharma.
April 3th, Panyajaan Galungan, During Penyajaan Galungan special cakes (generally referred to as jaja) are prepared which will be used for the Galungan offerings. Penyajaan is derived from the High Balinese word jaya which means 'glorious, victorious'. Galungan means 'to make war, to fight'. In combination Penyajaan Galungan therefore means, 'to be victorious in the war' (against adharma). In a symbolic sense Penyajaan Galungan is the time that the Balinese Hindu's should be 'glorious and victorious' in respect with their inner struggle against adharma so they will be safe for the second symbolic temptation of the Kala-tiganing Galungan (or Sang Kala Tiga) who descends this day to earth as Sang Bhuta Dungulan.
April 4th, Penampahan Galungan, During the day of Penampahan Galungan animals are sacrificed (in particular pigs and chickens) as special offerings which are meant to get rid of negativity in both the bhuana agung (the environment of the individual human being) and the bhuana alit (the inner world of the individual human being); the meat is afterwards prepared and cooked for traditional Balinese dishes such as lawar, babi guling, and satay. At Penampahan Galungan the Kala-tiganing Galungan or Sang Kala Tiga in the shape of Sang Bhuta Amangkurat descends for the third and last time to earth to tempt mankind to adharma. Penampahan is derived from the Balinese word tampah which means '(to) kill, slaughter'. The killing of animals in this respect is symbolic for killing 'the animal inside yourself' - the victory of the higher self over the ego in their struggle for control of the inner power of the individual; implicity this symbolizes the victory of dharma over adharma.
April 5th, Galungan, is the climax of the Galungan celebrations. Throughout the day the local temples are crowded with people coming and going, bringing the offerings that have been prepared since Penyekeban. The offerings are presented with mass prayers to Sang Hyang Widi (God), to His manifestations (dewa/dewi, bhatara/bhatari) and to the spirits of one's ancestors (pitara/pitari). The ceremonies that are privately performed at the house compounds may vary from place to place and will depend among others on the resources and capabilities of the family concerned. With the presenting of the offerings one expresses gratitude for the divine provision of the products of the earth, and one prays for the well-being of body and soul, for prosperity, and for protection.
April 6th, Umanis Galungan, takes place the day after Galungan Day, at the Thursday of Dungulan, the 11th week of the Pawukon calendar. The purpose of this day is to cleanse the bhuana alit (= the micro cosmos, the individual human being) in a physical and spiritual sense. After the ceremony, people perform the so called nyurud (= the taking back the offerings and sharing them with the family members) as a symbol of obtaining blessings from Bhatara Hyang Guru.
April 9th, Ulihan, Ulihan takes place four days after Galungan Day, at the Sunday of Kuningan, the 12th week of the Balinese Pawukon calendar. At Ulihan Day the Dewata (gods) return to their respective Kahyangan or heavens.
April 10th, Pemacekan Agung, takes place five days after Galungan Day, at the Monday of Kuningan, the 12th week of the Balinese Pawukon calendar. The Pemacekan Agung ceremony is performed to return the Kala-tiganing Galungan or Sang Kala Tiga, being Sang Bhuta Galungan, Sang Bhuta Dungulan and Sang Bhuta Amangkurat and their followers to their respective places in the invisible world of niskala.
April 11th, Purnama Sasih Kedasa, or full moon in Bali is always a special day for ceremonies and festivities. Hundreds of temples all over the island celebrate their anniversary on a specific full moon each year. Since full moon is also considered as an auspicious day, hundreds of ceremonies are held in all corner of the island on this sacred day.
April 14th, Penampahan Kuningan, One day before Kuningan Day which falls on Friday (Sukra). It is the day to do various preparations especially the offerings for the religious celebration of Kuningan Day.
April 15th, Kuningan, which falls on Saturday (Saniscara), is the day when Gods and Goddesses accompanied by the holy ancestral spirits (pitara) come down to earth again to bless the people and the universe. It is believed that they will return to heaven in the midday. On this day, Balinese people do self-introspection by doing a meditation for human's prosperity. Segehan Agung (big offering) is put on the house yard and offerings for the family members are also served.
April 15th, Kajeng Kliwon Uwudan, a perfect moment to conduct physical and spiritual purification, to cleanse the mind, to heal sickness, to supernaturally get rid of evil elements in residential environs through specified ceremony or to wipe out the pest from agricultural fields. Kajeng Kliwon is such a sacred day that many Balinese decide to pay a visit to holy men: shamans or priests. In so doing they seek to acquire holy water, medication or instruction related to the development of psychic power. Some prefer going to the temples to pray, meditate or conduct ascetic practice to gain certain psychic power. Kajeng Kliwon is often associated with anything mystical and psychic in nature.
April 19th, Budha Cemeng Langkir, or Budha Wage is a reocccuring auspicious day for meditation and cleansing the mind of negativity. At this day, which is also known as the day of Sang Hyang Mankik Galih who descended as Sang Hyang Ongkara Mreta to the physical world, the Balinese Hindus pray to Dewa Sang Hyang Sri Nini for prosperity and protection with special offerings. The intended cleansing of the mind starts with a special ceremony called metirtha gocara which is performed with a canang offering and wangi-wangian, sweet smelling incense and flowers at the sangga of the family temple and the plankiran (wall temple) of the bedroom.
April 25th, Anggara Kasih Medangsia, also known as Anggara Kliwon, is a reocccuring, auspicious cleansing day for the mind of the individual family members and for the physical world and all creatures that inhabit it. At Anggara Kliwon the Balinese Hindus meditate and pray to Dewa Ludra for support to cleanse one's mind and the physical world in which one is reincarnated. Afterwards a special ceremony called metirtha gocara is held which is performed with a canang offering and wangi-wangian, sweet smelling incense and flowers at the sangga of the family temple and the plankiran (wall temple) of the bedroom.
April 25th, Tilem Kedasa, On this day extra offerings are made around the family compound, as well as some offerings placed on the ground at the entrance to the house compound. The towering 'sesajen' offerings are also often taken to the village temple. Depending on the time of year, many temples then hold various forms of entertainment for the village - dancing, wayang puppet performances, arja plays - to coincide with the special prayers for Tilem.
April 30th, Kajeng Kliwon Enyitan, is the day that has these two influences at the same time. For that reason, Kajeng Kliwon has magical power and therefor is a special day in Tanah Lot Bali. On this day extra offerings are made in the house compound, and offerings are placed at the front entrance gate on the ground, burning a coconut husk to provide smoke. Kliwon Enyitan is to increase the positive powers. The rituals of both are based on sincerity and honesty.